Coluna Justiça Dinâmica Política Dinâmica
Jornalismo de qualidade é arma contra as fake news

DEBATE PROPÕE A 'ALFABETIZAÇÃO MIDIÁTICA' COMO UMA DAS FORMAS DE ENFRENTAR ESTE FENÔMENO TÃO PERIGOSO

05/07/2019 10:50 - Atualizado em 05/07/2019 11:04


A desinformação e o grande volume de notícias falsas disseminados principalmente nas redes sociais atentam contra a liberdade de expressão, avaliaram os debatedores de audiência pública promovida ontem quinta-feira (4) pela Comissão de Direitos Humanos e Legislação Participativa (CDH). Para enfrentar o problema, eles apostam em “alfabetização midiática” e em jornalismo profissional de qualidade.

FOTO: Waldemir Barreto/Agência Senado

A influência das fake news na sociedade, potencializada pela internet, está levando à desqualificação dos veículos tradicionais de imprensa e à violência contra os profissionais da comunicação, apontaram representantes de associações de jornalistas no Brasil.

Para o diretor-geral da Associação Brasileira de Emissoras de Rádio e Televisão (Abert), Cristiano Flores, é preciso diferenciar jornalismo profissional de outras fontes de informação.

— Por ser atividade humana, é natural que o jornalismo profissional cometa erros, mas tem CNPJ e endereço para assumir essa responsabilidade, com todas as decorrências jurídicas e mais a garantia do direito de resposta — destacou.

Ainda na opinião dele, a sociedade sabe onde buscar a notícia com credibilidade, mesmo assim, compartilha a informação falsa e, muitas vezes, crê nela. É o exemplo do desincentivo à vacinação, com impactos negativos para a saúde pública.

A diretora da Secretaria de Comunicação Social do Senado, Angela Brandão, ressaltou a importância da transparência na comunicação pública. Ela apontou os veículos da Casa como fontes seguras de informação sobre a atividade legislativa, a exemplo do portal Senado Notícias, da Agência Senado, que vem batendo seguidos recordes no número de acessos. Angela destacou ainda o trabalho de cobertura da Rádio e da TV Senado para todo o país e a campanha contra as fake news promovida pela secretaria nos veículos e nas redes sociais.

— Nossos jornalistas abraçaram essa campanha. Parte do crescimento do nosso portal de notícias e das nossas redes sociais tem a ver com o anseio da sociedade de buscar a informação em que ela possa confiar. Nossa missão é investir nisso para nos transformarmos nesse contraponto fiel, nesse discurso de combate à desinformação — afirmou.

ATAQUES
Coordenador do projeto de proteção e segurança da ONG Artigo 19, Thiago Firbida ressaltou que o Brasil já está entre os países mais perigosos para o exercício do jornalismo. Entre esses profissionais, um dos alvos são aqueles que fazem checagem de informação. Outros sofrem ataques por mera discordância em relação ao conteúdo de alguma notícia, inclusive por parte de autoridades públicas que deslegitimam o trabalho do jornalista.

Enfrentar o volume e as consequências das fake news é ainda mais complicado por se tratar de um sistema amplo de “desinformação, ocultação e minimização de sua importância”, como avaliou Emmanuel Colombié, representante dos Repórteres sem Fronteiras.

Esse sistema, ressaltou Colombié, envolve pessoas com conhecimento técnico sobre o funcionamento de plataformas (como Google, Twitter, Facebook e WhatsApp) para promover artificialmente a desinformação. Trata-se de comentadores pagos, exércitos de trolls (usuários que provocam e desestabilizam emocionalmente outros na internet), pessoas que controlam centenas de contas com perfil em redes sociais e atuam de forma coordenada para compartilhar essas informações.

— Propostas simplistas são algo ineficaz e perigoso para combater fake news. O que temos visto é pretexto de combate à proliferação de notícias falsas sendo utilizado como instrumento de propaganda por governos de tendência autoritária contra jornalistas, vozes dissidentes. A conhecida retórica de Donald Trump é um claro exemplo — alertou.

PLATAFORMAS
A estratégia de intoxicar o debate público com discursos de ódio, a criação de nichos ideológicos e o linchamento virtual também foram mencionados por Antonio Paulo dos Santos, da Federação Nacional dos Jornalistas (Fenaj). Para ele, os projetos de lei são exagerados ao criminalizar todos: quem produz e quem reproduz os conteúdos.

O jornalista lembrou que os instrumentos usados pelas plataformas para combater as fake news — denúncia, remoção de conteúdo e responsabilização — já fazem parte de um processo de autorregulação. No entanto, informou ele, 90% dos casos são arquivados por falta de provas.

— O grande caminho precisa ser por meio da educação nos veículos de comunicação. Alfabetização midiática. Esclarecer e informar, usar a criatividade, apostar nesse aspecto da juventude, que mais usa a internet hoje — defendeu.

Representante do Fórum Nacional pela Democratização da Comunicação (FNDC), Marina Pita questionou o modelo de acesso à internet, no qual, para ler notícias confiáveis, é preciso pagar a assinatura de um jornal, mas para usar o WhatsApp com fake news, não se paga nada.

JORNALISMO
A concorrência com os robôs, responsáveis já por metade da desinformação disseminada nas redes, de acordo com os debatedores, também passa pela necessidade de fazer o dever de casa. Uma autocrítica dos veículos tradicionais de comunicação sobre a produção jornalística foi sugerida pelo vice-presidente da Associação Brasileira de Imprensa (ABI), Cid Benjamim, para quem o conceito de liberdade de expressão mudou com a internet.

— Não há sociedade moderna efetivamente democrática sem a democratização dos meios de comunicação eletrônica. Acho que esse debate é permanente. E é muito bom que, a partir das fake news, a gente possa também falar da comunicação social em geral — disse.

Representante da Secretaria de Comunicação Social da Câmara dos Deputados, Lincoln Macário avaliou que a mídia deve vigiar o seu papel por meio de instrumentos como conselhos de comunicação social, mapeamento do fluxo artificial de informação e regulamentação.

LEGISLAÇÃO
O combate à desinformação é um desafio para os legisladores. Nesta semana, o Senado aprovou a Proposta de Emenda à Constituição (PEC) 17/2019, que torna a proteção de dados pessoais nos meios digitais um direito fundamental. Proposições como o PLC 79/2016, a chamada Lei das Teles, que pode ampliar o acesso à internet no país, é um dos temas que aguardam a análise dos senadores. No Congresso Nacional, também foi aprovada nesta semana a criação de uma Comissão Mista Parlamentar de Inquérito (CPMI) para investigar as fake news.

Na audiência de ontem, os senadores Jaques Wagner (PT-BA) e Jean Paul Prates (PT-RN) repercutiram as notícias relacionadas aos vazamentos de conversas da Operação da Lava Jato como exemplo recente de tentativa de desqualificar o trabalho do jornalista Glenn Greenwald. Ele é o responsável pelo site The Intercept Brasil, que publicou diálogos que teriam sido mantidos entre o ex-juiz e atual ministro Sérgio Moro e membros do Ministério Público.

O senador Paulo Paim (PT-RS), presidente da CDH, leu uma carta da Associação Brasileira de Juristas pela Democracia (ABJD), que defendeu o direito de liberdade de expressão dos profissionais do jornalismo e o apoio ao sigilo da fonte na divulgação de áudios.


FONTE: Com informações da Agência Senado


Comentários (39)

Os comentários não representam a opinião do site; a responsabilidade é do autor da mensagem.


Nome:
mensagem:
    yeezy boost 350 em 18 de agosto de 2019 às 14:08

    I wanted to post a small remark to be able to appreciate you for these precious pointers you are showing here. My extended internet look up has at the end of the day been honored with brilliant details to exchange with my partners. I would mention that most of us visitors actually are unquestionably fortunate to dwell in a very good site with many outstanding professionals with beneficial pointers. I feel extremely privileged to have used your entire weblog and look forward to tons of more awesome moments reading here. Thanks a lot again for all the details. yeezy boost 350

    curry shoes em 18 de agosto de 2019 às 04:08

    My spouse and i ended up being now thrilled Michael could conclude his analysis from your ideas he obtained while using the blog. It's not at all simplistic to just choose to be releasing tips and tricks which some others might have been making money from. And we all already know we need the blog owner to be grateful to for this. The most important explanations you've made, the straightforward website navigation, the friendships you can aid to instill - it is many remarkable, and it is aiding our son in addition to our family believe that this topic is brilliant, which is rather essential. Thank you for all! curry shoes

    hermes belt em 17 de agosto de 2019 às 21:08

    I really wanted to jot down a brief word to be able to say thanks to you for all the wonderful tactics you are showing here. My time-consuming internet lookup has finally been paid with good ideas to talk about with my family and friends. I 'd assert that we readers are very endowed to exist in a great community with very many perfect individuals with very beneficial concepts. I feel pretty happy to have encountered the webpage and look forward to so many more entertaining times reading here. Thank you once more for everything. hermes belt

    nike air max 270 em 17 de agosto de 2019 às 15:08

    I simply desired to thank you so much yet again. I'm not certain the things I would have followed in the absence of the tactics contributed by you relating to such a area of interest. Entirely was a very terrifying crisis in my circumstances, nevertheless taking note of your well-written avenue you handled the issue took me to weep for delight. I am happier for your assistance and as well , have high hopes you are aware of a great job you are always undertaking instructing others with the aid of your blog post. I know that you haven't come across all of us. nike air max 270

    nike air max 97 em 17 de agosto de 2019 às 04:08

    I'm just writing to let you be aware of what a perfect discovery my cousin's child found using your web site. She figured out such a lot of issues, not to mention how it is like to have an amazing giving nature to have most people easily grasp several advanced topics. You truly did more than visitors' expected results. Many thanks for distributing the invaluable, trusted, informative and even unique tips on the topic to Tanya. nike air max 97

    balenciaga em 16 de agosto de 2019 às 22:08

    I just wanted to compose a simple word to express gratitude to you for all the superb guidelines you are posting at this website. My prolonged internet research has at the end been recognized with awesome facts and techniques to go over with my pals. I 'd say that most of us visitors are unequivocally fortunate to be in a useful network with so many outstanding professionals with good solutions. I feel very happy to have discovered your entire site and look forward to so many more exciting moments reading here. Thank you again for a lot of things. balenciaga

    kobe sneakers em 16 de agosto de 2019 às 16:08

    I simply wished to appreciate you yet again. I'm not certain what I might have done without these ideas contributed by you on my subject matter. It actually was a real distressing circumstance in my view, however , discovering the specialized avenue you dealt with that took me to weep for delight. Now i am grateful for this advice and hope that you really know what an amazing job your are undertaking educating people through the use of your web page. Most probably you have never met all of us. kobe sneakers

    vapormax em 16 de agosto de 2019 às 08:08

    I must show my appreciation to you for rescuing me from this particular crisis. As a result of browsing throughout the world wide web and getting solutions which are not pleasant, I believed my life was over. Being alive without the answers to the issues you've fixed all through your article content is a crucial case, as well as the kind that could have badly damaged my entire career if I had not encountered the website. Your actual knowledge and kindness in handling all the details was helpful. I am not sure what I would have done if I hadn't encountered such a solution like this. It's possible to at this moment relish my future. Thanks a lot so much for the impressive and result oriented help. I won't be reluctant to propose your web sites to anybody who should receive guide about this topic. vapormax

    yeezy boost em 15 de agosto de 2019 às 09:08

    After I initially commented I clicked the -Notify me when new feedback are added- checkbox and now every time a remark is added I get four emails with the same comment. Is there any method you'll be able to take away me from that service? Thanks! yeezy boost

    air max 270 em 15 de agosto de 2019 às 06:08

    I am only writing to make you know what a helpful encounter my cousin's girl encountered reading the blog. She even learned numerous things, which include what it's like to possess a marvelous teaching mindset to make a number of people without hassle understand specified multifaceted subject areas. You actually surpassed my expected results. I appreciate you for coming up with the warm and helpful, trustworthy, educational and in addition easy tips about the topic to Kate. air max 270

    hermes em 14 de agosto de 2019 às 05:08

    I wanted to create you that little bit of observation in order to thank you very much again with your amazing tactics you have shown in this article. This is strangely generous of you to convey freely all that a number of people could have sold as an ebook to help with making some profit on their own, most importantly given that you might well have done it in the event you considered necessary. These points also served as a fantastic way to comprehend other people have a similar zeal just like my own to figure out significantly more related to this condition. I know there are thousands of more enjoyable occasions ahead for folks who scan your website. hermes

    golden goose sneakers em 13 de agosto de 2019 às 05:08

    My husband and i have been very happy that Peter managed to conclude his survey out of the ideas he had out of your web page. It is now and again perplexing to just happen to be releasing thoughts which a number of people could have been selling. We really grasp we need the writer to thank for this. Most of the explanations you have made, the simple site navigation, the friendships you assist to engender - it is everything unbelievable, and it is aiding our son and our family understand that idea is exciting, and that is seriously essential. Thanks for all the pieces! golden goose sneakers

    nike jordans em 12 de agosto de 2019 às 08:08

    I enjoy you because of each of your hard work on this site. My mom enjoys going through investigation and it's obvious why. We all learn all regarding the lively medium you provide invaluable solutions on your web blog and cause response from other people about this area then my princess is certainly being taught a lot. Take advantage of the rest of the year. You're the one performing a really great job. nike jordans

    curry 4 em 11 de agosto de 2019 às 11:08

    I simply desired to thank you very much yet again. I do not know the things that I would've worked on without these information provided by you regarding such problem. It became a real scary crisis for me, nevertheless encountering a new professional mode you treated the issue took me to weep over contentment. Extremely happy for the work and thus have high hopes you know what a great job you are putting in instructing the rest via your blog post. Probably you've never encountered any of us. curry 4

    yeezy boost 350 v2 em 10 de agosto de 2019 às 17:08

    This really answered my downside, thank you! yeezy boost 350 v2

    christian louboutin shoes em 10 de agosto de 2019 às 15:08

    I together with my pals were found to be looking at the good recommendations on the website then quickly I had a horrible suspicion I never thanked the site owner for those techniques. All the young boys were definitely as a consequence happy to read through all of them and have in effect pretty much been loving those things. I appreciate you for simply being indeed helpful as well as for finding this kind of essential ideas most people are really wanting to be aware of. Our own honest apologies for not expressing gratitude to you earlier. christian louboutin shoes

    birkin bag em 09 de agosto de 2019 às 12:08

    I am writing to make you understand what a incredible discovery my cousin's girl had checking your web site. She noticed too many things, including how it is like to possess a marvelous helping mindset to let the mediocre ones completely fully grasp chosen impossible subject areas. You truly surpassed my desires. Thank you for showing the beneficial, safe, edifying and even easy tips about the topic to Mary. birkin bag

    michael kors outlet em 08 de agosto de 2019 às 16:08

    My spouse and i got so satisfied that Edward could deal with his research by way of the precious recommendations he acquired from your very own web pages. It's not at all simplistic to simply always be releasing guidance that some others could have been selling. So we discover we have the writer to be grateful to because of that. All the illustrations you've made, the straightforward web site menu, the relationships you aid to instill - it's got everything wonderful, and it's leading our son and the family recognize that that matter is thrilling, and that's tremendously fundamental. Many thanks for all the pieces! michael kors outlet

    timberland boots em 07 de agosto de 2019 às 15:08

    Thank you so much for giving everyone remarkably special chance to read from this site. It is always so fantastic plus full of fun for me and my office peers to visit your website at the very least 3 times in one week to see the new guidance you will have. And definitely, I am always motivated with the astonishing suggestions served by you. Some 4 areas in this post are indeed the best I have ever had. timberland boots

    michael kors factory outlet online em 05 de agosto de 2019 às 20:08

    I simply wanted to post a simple message to be able to express gratitude to you for those wonderful tips and hints you are placing at this website. My particularly long internet investigation has at the end been paid with excellent facts and strategies to write about with my partners. I would assert that we visitors actually are undoubtedly fortunate to be in a remarkable site with so many outstanding people with useful guidelines. I feel rather privileged to have discovered your web page and look forward to so many more excellent minutes reading here. Thanks again for all the details. michael kors factory outlet online

    yeezy shoes em 05 de agosto de 2019 às 17:08

    WONDERFUL Post.thanks for share..extra wait .. ? yeezy shoes

    yeezy boost em 04 de agosto de 2019 às 21:08

    I'm writing to let you be aware of what a really good discovery my cousin's child found using your blog. She even learned several things, including what it is like to possess a very effective coaching nature to make men and women without hassle fully grasp chosen complicated matters. You undoubtedly did more than our own expected results. I appreciate you for supplying these essential, safe, explanatory and unique tips on the topic to Ethel. yeezy boost

    adidas tubular shadow em 03 de agosto de 2019 às 21:08

    I am just writing to let you be aware of what a perfect encounter my daughter went through reading your web site. She noticed many things, including what it's like to possess a great coaching spirit to have others smoothly fully grasp certain problematic subject areas. You undoubtedly did more than our desires. Thank you for supplying those necessary, trustworthy, explanatory not to mention unique tips on the topic to Tanya. adidas tubular shadow

    coach handbags em 02 de agosto de 2019 às 21:08

    My spouse and i got now fulfilled that Chris managed to deal with his studies through the entire precious recommendations he acquired from your very own web pages. It is now and again perplexing to simply happen to be releasing tactics which other people could have been selling. We really recognize we've got the website owner to thank because of that. The illustrations you have made, the simple blog menu, the relationships you help to foster - it's got most unbelievable, and it's really assisting our son and the family recognize that that situation is awesome, and that is tremendously important. Many thanks for all! coach handbags

    air max 270 em 01 de agosto de 2019 às 22:08

    I wanted to compose you this bit of word just to say thank you again about the unique principles you have shown in this article. It has been really pretty generous of you to grant unhampered all many of us could have advertised as an e book to make some money for themselves, especially given that you might well have done it if you ever wanted. These thoughts likewise worked to provide a good way to fully grasp that other people online have the same fervor much like my very own to know great deal more concerning this condition. I am sure there are thousands of more fun moments ahead for people who look into your site. air max 270

    yeezy shoes em 01 de agosto de 2019 às 00:08

    I actually wanted to send a small comment in order to say thanks to you for the unique ways you are showing at this website. My time intensive internet investigation has at the end of the day been rewarded with good quality tips to exchange with my family members. I would say that many of us visitors are definitely fortunate to dwell in a good website with very many awesome individuals with insightful guidelines. I feel very blessed to have encountered your weblog and look forward to many more pleasurable minutes reading here. Thank you once again for all the details. yeezy shoes

    yeezy boost 350 v2 em 31 de julho de 2019 às 05:07

    There may be noticeably a bundle to find out about this. I assume you made sure good factors in features also. yeezy boost 350 v2

    yeezy 500 em 30 de julho de 2019 às 21:07

    I truly wanted to write down a simple word so as to express gratitude to you for all the pleasant concepts you are giving on this website. My long internet lookup has now been recognized with brilliant facts and techniques to talk about with my friends. I 'd tell you that we readers are quite blessed to live in a notable community with so many outstanding people with useful ideas. I feel extremely privileged to have encountered the webpages and look forward to some more entertaining minutes reading here. Thanks once again for everything. yeezy 500

    off white nike em 29 de julho de 2019 às 14:07

    My spouse and i got contented when Raymond could finish up his preliminary research because of the ideas he came across using your web pages. It is now and again perplexing to simply be giving away information which usually a number of people have been selling. And we also already know we now have the writer to be grateful to because of that. The specific illustrations you've made, the easy website menu, the friendships you will assist to instill - it's got many powerful, and it's letting our son in addition to the family reckon that the content is cool, which is certainly pretty fundamental. Thank you for the whole thing! off white nike

    yeezy shoes em 28 de julho de 2019 às 04:07

    I have to show appreciation to the writer for bailing me out of such a trouble. Because of searching through the internet and meeting strategies which were not pleasant, I believed my entire life was over. Being alive devoid of the answers to the issues you have fixed all through this report is a crucial case, and those that could have negatively affected my career if I hadn't come across your site. Your primary understanding and kindness in touching everything was tremendous. I am not sure what I would have done if I had not come across such a solution like this. It's possible to at this time relish my future. Thank you so much for your high quality and results-oriented guide. I won't think twice to suggest your web sites to any individual who will need guidelines about this topic. yeezy shoes

    nike 95 em 26 de julho de 2019 às 21:07

    My husband and i were peaceful Raymond could do his researching because of the precious recommendations he came across from your own weblog. It's not at all simplistic to simply choose to be freely giving strategies which often men and women might have been trying to sell. And now we discover we need the website owner to thank for that. The specific illustrations you made, the straightforward blog menu, the relationships you can assist to create - it's got most wonderful, and it's really making our son in addition to us believe that that issue is fun, and that's truly fundamental. Many thanks for all! nike 95

    moncler sale em 25 de julho de 2019 às 13:07

    I as well as my pals appeared to be reading the nice recommendations located on the blog while all of the sudden I had a horrible suspicion I never expressed respect to the blog owner for those tips. My men came for that reason glad to study all of them and have now honestly been taking pleasure in them. I appreciate you for getting quite thoughtful and for settling on variety of perfect areas millions of individuals are really needing to discover. Our own sincere apologies for not saying thanks to you sooner. moncler sale

    yeezy boost 350 v2 em 24 de julho de 2019 às 22:07

    When I initially commented I clicked the -Notify me when new feedback are added- checkbox and now every time a comment is added I get 4 emails with the identical comment. Is there any means you may take away me from that service? Thanks! yeezy boost 350 v2

    calvin klein underwear em 24 de julho de 2019 às 05:07

    I enjoy you because of all of your work on this web site. Kim takes pleasure in carrying out investigation and it's really easy to see why. A lot of people notice all regarding the compelling tactic you render rewarding things on your website and as well increase participation from the others on that situation so my child is truly studying a lot. Take pleasure in the rest of the year. You're the one carrying out a useful job. calvin klein underwear

    nike air max 2018 em 23 de julho de 2019 às 01:07

    Thank you for each of your efforts on this website. My mum loves working on internet research and it's really obvious why. I hear all relating to the lively medium you make both useful and interesting things via your website and in addition foster contribution from other people about this topic while our own child is truly studying a lot of things. Have fun with the rest of the year. You're carrying out a fantastic job. nike air max 2018

    jordans em 22 de julho de 2019 às 03:07

    I am glad for commenting to make you understand what a really good encounter my cousin's child undergone studying your blog. She noticed several things, which include what it is like to possess an ideal giving heart to make the rest easily completely grasp specific complex things. You actually exceeded our own desires. I appreciate you for delivering the warm and friendly, safe, informative not to mention cool guidance on the topic to Emily. jordans

    ferragamo belts em 21 de julho de 2019 às 06:07

    I intended to write you a bit of observation to help say thank you as before on the breathtaking pointers you've contributed on this page. It was really seriously open-handed of people like you to present without restraint what exactly many individuals might have made available as an e book in making some dough for themselves, precisely seeing that you might have tried it if you ever wanted. These strategies in addition served to provide a great way to fully grasp that the rest have the identical fervor similar to my own to see way more with reference to this issue. I am sure there are a lot more pleasurable moments in the future for those who browse through your site. ferragamo belts

    birkin bag em 20 de julho de 2019 às 09:07

    Thank you so much for providing individuals with an extraordinarily wonderful chance to read from this site. It really is so pleasurable and also stuffed with amusement for me and my office peers to search your website a minimum of 3 times per week to see the fresh guidance you have got. And lastly, I'm also actually motivated considering the mind-boggling strategies served by you. Some 2 facts in this article are in fact the very best we've had. birkin bag

    yeezy boost em 20 de julho de 2019 às 05:07

    Whats up! I simply want to give a huge thumbs up for the great info you've gotten right here on this post. I will probably be coming again to your blog for more soon. yeezy boost [url=http://tropaadet.dk/yzyinc]yeezy boost[/url]

Notícias relacionadas
AATEPI referenda decisão do Conselho e advogados impugnados poderão exercer defesa
AATEPI referenda decisão do Conselho e advogados impugnados poderão exercer defesa
Justiça condena réu a 24 anos de reclusão em Picos
Justiça condena réu a 24 anos de reclusão em Picos
TSE cassa vereadores por uso de verba da cota feminina por homens
TSE cassa vereadores por uso de verba da cota feminina por homens
TSE rejeita contas de 2014 do PEN por omissão de receitas e despesas